Garbage Trucks Feature - Web Exclusive
A Garbage Truck is a truck designed to pick up trash and haul it to dumps and other recycling companies. They are a common sight in most neighborhoods - garbage trucks are often incorrectly called dump trucks. There are five basic models of waste collection vehicles: Front loaders, Rear loaders, Side loaders, Pneumatic collection, and Grapple trucks.
Dumpster trucks generally service commercial and industrial businesses using large waste containers (dumpsters) with lids. The truck is equipped with forks on the front which aligns with the dumpster using a joystick. The dumpster is then lifted over the truck. Once it gets to the top the dumpster is then flipped upside down and the trash or recyclable material is emptied into the truck's hopper. Once the trash is dumped, it is compacted by a large blade called a "packer blade" that pushes the trash to the rear of the truck. Most of the newer trucks have "pack-on-the-go hydraulics" which lets the driver pack loads while driving, allowing faster route times.
Side loaders are the garbage trucks you see in front of your house. These trucks can be loaded from either side, manually, or with the automated lift. The trash is then compacted towards the rear of the truck. A Side Loader has only one operator who can lift the garbage can with the trucks automated lift. The hydraulic arms lift, dump, and return the can to the curb. The side loader cannot handle the bulky items a rear loader can because the compaction mechanism isn't designed to break them down (so if they don't fit into the opening they cannot be taken).
Recycling trucks come in different shapes and sizes. Some cities have recycle cans like your regular trash cans to lift and dump. In other places the materials have to be picked up and put into the truck. Then they are taken to a recycling center to be separated. Most recyclables bring extra money to the city. The demand for recyclables is directly related to the number of people who purchase recycled products. The more recycled products that are purchased, the greater the demand for recyclables.