The XC90 is built as a passenger car, with a unitary body and the same type of chassis as that found in Volvo's sedan models. The chassis, with spring struts at the front and Multilink axle at the rear, are tuned for a stable, controlled drive and alert steering response.

The Multilink rear axle is an independent rear suspension system featuring a number of links and it is designed to offer a good combination of controlled wheel movements and high ride comfort. A long wheelbase and wide track, together with a very torsionally rigid body, contribute to the predictable, controlled driving manners.

* Specs are in European measurements


2012 Volvo XC90
Engine
Type: 6 cyl. Naturally aspirated In-line 5 cyl. Turbo Diesel In-line 5 cyl. Turbo Diesel
Configuration AWD/FWD FWD AWD
Displacement 3192 cm³ 2400 cm³ 2400 cm³
Bore 84,0 mm 81,0 mm 81,0 mm
Stroke 96,0 mm 93,15 mm 93,15 mm
Compression ratio 10,8:1 17,3:1 17,3:1
Valves, no/cylinder 4 ea. 4 ea. 4 ea.
DOHC / SOHC DOHC DOHC DOHC
Engine management system Integrated fuel (SFI) / ignition control system Common rail electronic fuelling Common rail electronic fuelling
Ignition sequence 1 - 5 - 3 - 6 - 2 - 4 1 - 2 - 4 - 5 - 3 1 - 2 - 4 - 5 - 3
Engine idling speed 650 rpm 700 rpm 700 rpm
Fuel, rec. Octane For best performance and lowest fuel consumption 98 RON is recommended. For normal driving 95 RON can be used. 91 RON should only be used in exceptional cases. Diesel. Cetane Number min 48 Diesel. Cetane Number min 48
Max engine speed 6500 rpm 5000 rpm 5000 rpm
Max output 179 kW (243 hp) / 6400 rpm 120 kW (163 hp) / 4000 rpm 147 kW (200 hp) / 3900 rpm
Max torque 320 / 53 Nm / rps 340 / 29-50 Nm / rps 420 / 32-47 Nm / rps
Transmissions
Type: AW TF-80SC
First Gear 4.148
Second Gear 2.37
Third Gear 1.556
Fourth Gear 1.155
Fifth Gear 0.859
Sixth Gear 0.686
Reverse Gear 3.394
Automatic Gearbox/final drive 6 cyl: 4.06
5 cyl: 3.75
Gear Box Automatic
Performance
Acceleration, 0-100 km/h 9,5 s 11,8 s 10,3 s
Top speed 210 km/h 190 km/h 205 km/h
Fuel consumption (EC 199/100, Combined) 11,4 l (5 seat) / 11,5 l (7 seat) 8,2 l (7 seat) 8,3 l (7 seat)
CO² 265 g/km (5 seat) / 269 g/km (7 seat) 216 g/km (7 seat) 219 g/km (7 seat)
Measurements and Volumes
Length 4807
Width 1936 mm
Width incl. mirrors, outer edge 2112 mm
Height (With/without rails) 1784 mm / 1743 mm
Wheelbase 2857 mm
Track, front 1634 mm
Track, rear 1624 mm
Ground clearance 218 mm
Approach angle 28 deg
Breakover angle 20 deg
Departure angle 25 deg
Vading capability. - Depth (max speed 10 km/h) (at curb weight) 400 mm
Weight
Serving Weight (Depending on type of engine, gearbox etc.) 2141 kg / 2210 kg
Total Weight (Depending on type of engine, gearbox etc.) 2680 kg / 2760 kg
Max trailer weight, Unbraked (Max) 750 kg
Max trailer weight, Braked (Max) 2250 kg 1800 kg 2250 kg
Max roof load 100 kg
Interior Measurements
Headroom front/rear/3rd row with sunroof 1008 mm / 988 mm (5 Seat) 1008 mm / 976 mm / 896 mm (7 Seat)
Headroom front/rear/3rd row without sunroof 1019 mm / 1003 mm (5 Seat) 1019 mm / 1004 mm / 896 mm (7 Seat)
Shoulder room front/rear/3rd row 1480 mm / 1455 mm (5 seat) 1480 mm / 1459 mm / 1374 mm (7 seat)
Leg room front/rear/3rd row 1041 mm / 925 mm (5 seat) / 1041 mm / 879 mm / 765 mm (7 seat)
Hip room front/rear/3rd row 1408 mm / 1361 mm (5 seat) 1408 mm / 1374 mm / 1130 mm (7 seat)
Enclosed Luggage Compartment Volume (Total volumes of individual cargo volume modules stowed in the enclosed Luggage compartment of a passenger car behind second seat (including hatchbacks and station wagons partitioned to secure hidden cargo)) (ISO V210) 483 l (5 seat) / 530 l (7 seat)
Open luggage compartment volume behind second seat (Second seat up. Load height limited to the upper edge of the second seatback or second window) (ISO V211) 613 l (5 seat) 615 l (7 seat)
Open luggage compartment - behind first seat (Second seat folded. Load height limited to upper edge of the front seatback or lower edge of the rear window) (ISO V212) 914 l (5 & 7 seat)
Open luggage compartment - behind third seat Load height limited to upper edge of the third seatback or lower edge of the rear window) (ISO V213) n.a. (5 seat) 249 l (7 seat)
Largest luggage volume (Largest volume. Load height limited by the head lining. Front limit by vertical plane tangential to the rear side of the front seatback) (ISO V214) 1837 l (5 & 7 seat)
Rear opening height 818 mm
Luggage floor, height to ground. 790 mm
Height of luggage compartment 872 mm
Width of luggage compartment between wheelhouses 1129 mm
Rear opening width at floor, min 1064 mm
Rear opening width above belt, min 903 mm
Rear opening maximum width 1127 mm
Cargo length from the 3rd row seatback to the tailgate measured at the top of the 3rd row seatback / the height of the floor covering n.a. (5 seat) 370 l (7 seat) / n.a. (5 seat) 571 l (7 seat)
Cargo length from the 2nd seatback to the tailgate measured at the top of the 2nd seatback / the height of the floor covering 1046 l (5 seat) 1086 l (7 seat) / 1118 l (5 seat) 1252 l (7 seat)
Cargo length from the first seatback to the tailgate measured at the top of the first seatback / the height of the floor covering 1894 l (5 seat) 1894 l (7 seat) / 2018 l (5 seat) 2018 l (7 seat)
Chassis
Suspension front MacPherson Strut, Coil Springs, Hydraulic Shock Absorbers, Stabilizer Bar
Suspension rear Independent Suspension with Coil Springs, Hydraulic Shock Absorbers, Stabilizer Bar
Steering (angle/angle) (17"&18"/Sport&Exec,19") 15,9 m / 15,9 m
Turning circle (Curb to curb) (17"&18"/Sport&Exec,19") 12,5 m / 13,1 m
Turning circle (Wall to wall) (17"&18"/Sport&Exec,19") 12,7 m / 13,3 m
Turns of steering wheel end to end (17"&18"/Sport&Exec,19") 2,7 / 2,5
Braking system Antilock Braking System (ABS) with Electronic Brake Distribution (EBD) and Electronic Brake Assistance (EBA)
Brake disc diameter (front/rear) (17") 336 mm / 308 mm
Brake disc thickness (front/rear) (17") 30 mm / 20 mm
Braking distance 100-0 km/h 43 m