Truck Trend Garage: 2000 Ford F-150 Frozen Speedometer

Stuck At 45

Alex Steele
Jan 2, 2013
Q: I am trying to figure out a problem with a 4WD 2000 Ford F-150 V-8. The speedometer reads correctly up to about 45 mph, but then it gets stuck there no matter how fast you go. The cruise control works correctly at all speeds.
A: In this 2000 model system, mph information begins with the Vehicle Speed Sensor mounted at the transmission's output shaft. The PCM receives this VSS input, translates it, and shares the data with other modules -- including cruise control and the instrument cluster (speedo-meter). So your short description of the problem actually tells us quite a lot. We know the VSS is working, or you would have mentioned the malfunction indicator lamp coming on. We also know the PCM is receiving the speed data, and transmitting the information to both the cruise control module (servo) and the instrument cluster. The cruise works fine, and the speedo works halfway. Barring any off-the-wall short in the system, the problem is more than likely an internal fault within the instrument cluster. The speedometer itself is non-serviceable.
Photo 2/2   |   2000 Ford F-150 4x2
The fix will require instrument cluster replacement or repair. Your local Ford service department should sublet to an electrical repair shop. If you have the time, a full confirmation of the failure can be obtained by observing the odometer display. Check the speed at which the tenths of a mile pass by while driving at about 40 mph, then speed up considerably to highway speeds. The tenths should now be passing by more quickly. This confirms that the instrument cluster is receiving the correct speed data, and the hangup is the speedometer itself. One note: There were some software issues with your truck when replacing the PCM or the instrument cluster, which requires an update to fix.

How To Reach Alex
If you have a technical question regarding your pickup, SUV, or van, feel free to contact Alex, a master technician with the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence. Send a letter to him in care of Truck Trend Garage, 831 S. Douglas Street, El Segundo, CA 90245, or e-mail us at trucktrend@sourceinterlink.com. Please include the VIN with your question. Due to the volume of questions received every month, we cannot guarantee that everyone's question will be personally answered or will appear in the magazine.

Can't wait for help with a problem you're having with your Truck or SUV? Ask the expert we trust here at Truck Trend Garage -- visit Alex Steele at www.RealWorldAutomotive.com.

2015 Ford F-150 Specifications

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Fair Market Price $25,309
MSRP $25,800
Editors' Overall Rating
Mileage 18 City / 25 Highway
Engine 3.5L V6
Horse Power 283 hp @ 6,500 rpm
Torque 255 ft lb of torque @ 4,000 rpm
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Fair Market Price
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Editors' Overall Rating
Basic Specifications
MSRP: $25,800
Mileage: 18 / 25
Engine: 3.5L V6
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